org.apache.velocity.app
Class Velocity

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.apache.velocity.app.Velocity
All Implemented Interfaces:
RuntimeConstants

public class Velocity
extends Object
implements RuntimeConstants

This class provides services to the application developer, such as :



While the most common way to use Velocity is via templates, as Velocity is a general-purpose template engine, there are other uses that Velocity is well suited for, such as processing dynamically created templates, or processing content streams.

The methods herein were developed to allow easy access to the Velocity facilities without direct spelunking of the internals. If there is something you feel is necessary to add here, please, send a patch.

Version:
$Id: Velocity.java 957852 2010-06-25 08:53:22Z apetrelli $
Author:
Geir Magnusson Jr., Christoph Reck, Jason van Zyl

Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from interface org.apache.velocity.runtime.RuntimeConstants
DEFAULT_RUNTIME_DIRECTIVES, DEFAULT_RUNTIME_PROPERTIES, DEFINE_DIRECTIVE_MAXDEPTH, ENCODING_DEFAULT, ERRORMSG_END, ERRORMSG_START, EVENTHANDLER_INCLUDE, EVENTHANDLER_INVALIDREFERENCES, EVENTHANDLER_METHODEXCEPTION, EVENTHANDLER_REFERENCEINSERTION, FILE_RESOURCE_LOADER_CACHE, FILE_RESOURCE_LOADER_PATH, INPUT_ENCODING, INTERPOLATE_STRINGLITERALS, INTROSPECTOR_RESTRICT_CLASSES, INTROSPECTOR_RESTRICT_PACKAGES, MAX_NUMBER_LOOPS, NUMBER_OF_PARSERS, OUTPUT_ENCODING, PARSE_DIRECTIVE_MAXDEPTH, PARSER_POOL_CLASS, PARSER_POOL_SIZE, PROVIDE_SCOPE_CONTROL, RESOURCE_LOADER, RESOURCE_MANAGER_CACHE_CLASS, RESOURCE_MANAGER_CLASS, RESOURCE_MANAGER_DEFAULTCACHE_SIZE, RESOURCE_MANAGER_LOGWHENFOUND, RUNTIME_LOG, RUNTIME_LOG_LOGSYSTEM, RUNTIME_LOG_LOGSYSTEM_CLASS, RUNTIME_LOG_REFERENCE_LOG_INVALID, RUNTIME_REFERENCES_STRICT, RUNTIME_REFERENCES_STRICT_ESCAPE, SKIP_INVALID_ITERATOR, STRICT_MATH, UBERSPECT_CLASSNAME, VM_ARGUMENTS_STRICT, VM_BODY_REFERENCE, VM_LIBRARY, VM_LIBRARY_AUTORELOAD, VM_LIBRARY_DEFAULT, VM_MAX_DEPTH, VM_MESSAGES_ON, VM_PERM_ALLOW_INLINE, VM_PERM_ALLOW_INLINE_REPLACE_GLOBAL, VM_PERM_INLINE_LOCAL
 
Constructor Summary
Velocity()
           
 
Method Summary
static void addProperty(String key, Object value)
          Add a Velocity Runtime property.
static void clearProperty(String key)
          Clear a Velocity Runtime property.
static boolean evaluate(Context context, Writer writer, String logTag, Reader reader)
          Renders the input reader using the context into the output writer.
static boolean evaluate(Context context, Writer out, String logTag, String instring)
          renders the input string using the context into the output writer.
static Log getLog()
          Returns a convenient Log instance that wraps the current LogChute.
static Object getProperty(String key)
          Get a Velocity Runtime property.
static Template getTemplate(String name)
          Returns a Template from the Velocity resource management system.
static Template getTemplate(String name, String encoding)
          Returns a Template from the Velocity resource management system.
static void init()
          initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using the default properties of the Velocity distribution
static void init(Properties p)
          initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using default properties plus the properties in the passed in java.util.Properties object
static void init(String propsFilename)
          initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using default properties plus the properties in the properties file passed in as the arg
static boolean invokeVelocimacro(String vmName, String logTag, String[] params, Context context, Writer writer)
          Invokes a currently registered Velocimacro with the params provided and places the rendered stream into the writer.
 void loadDirective(String directiveClass)
          Instantiates and loads the directive with some basic checks.
static boolean mergeTemplate(String templateName, String encoding, Context context, Writer writer)
          Merges a template and puts the rendered stream into the writer
 void removeDirective(String name)
          Remove a directive.
static void reset()
          Resets the instance, so Velocity can be re-initialized again.
static boolean resourceExists(String resourceName)
          Determines whether a resource is accessable via the currently configured resource loaders.
static void setApplicationAttribute(Object key, Object value)
           Set the an ApplicationAttribue, which is an Object set by the application which is accessable from any component of the system that gets a RuntimeServices.
static void setExtendedProperties(ExtendedProperties configuration)
          Set an entire configuration at once.
static void setProperty(String key, Object value)
          Set a Velocity Runtime property.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

Velocity

public Velocity()
Method Detail

init

public static void init()
initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using the default properties of the Velocity distribution


reset

public static void reset()
Resets the instance, so Velocity can be re-initialized again.

Since:
2.0.0

init

public static void init(String propsFilename)
initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using default properties plus the properties in the properties file passed in as the arg

Parameters:
propsFilename - file containing properties to use to initialize the Velocity runtime

init

public static void init(Properties p)
initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using default properties plus the properties in the passed in java.util.Properties object

Parameters:
p - Properties object containing initialization properties

setProperty

public static void setProperty(String key,
                               Object value)
Set a Velocity Runtime property.

Parameters:
key - The property key.
value - The property value.

addProperty

public static void addProperty(String key,
                               Object value)
Add a Velocity Runtime property.

Parameters:
key - The property key.
value - The property value.

clearProperty

public static void clearProperty(String key)
Clear a Velocity Runtime property.

Parameters:
key - of property to clear

setExtendedProperties

public static void setExtendedProperties(ExtendedProperties configuration)
Set an entire configuration at once. This is useful in cases where the parent application uses the ExtendedProperties class and the velocity configuration is a subset of the parent application's configuration.

Parameters:
configuration - A configuration object.

getProperty

public static Object getProperty(String key)
Get a Velocity Runtime property.

Parameters:
key - property to retrieve
Returns:
property value or null if the property not currently set

evaluate

public static boolean evaluate(Context context,
                               Writer out,
                               String logTag,
                               String instring)
                        throws ParseErrorException,
                               MethodInvocationException,
                               ResourceNotFoundException
renders the input string using the context into the output writer. To be used when a template is dynamically constructed, or want to use Velocity as a token replacer.

Parameters:
context - context to use in rendering input string
out - Writer in which to render the output
logTag - string to be used as the template name for log messages in case of error
instring - input string containing the VTL to be rendered
Returns:
true if successful, false otherwise. If false, see Velocity runtime log
Throws:
ParseErrorException - The template could not be parsed.
MethodInvocationException - A method on a context object could not be invoked.
ResourceNotFoundException - A referenced resource could not be loaded.

evaluate

public static boolean evaluate(Context context,
                               Writer writer,
                               String logTag,
                               Reader reader)
                        throws ParseErrorException,
                               MethodInvocationException,
                               ResourceNotFoundException
Renders the input reader using the context into the output writer. To be used when a template is dynamically constructed, or want to use Velocity as a token replacer.

Parameters:
context - context to use in rendering input string
writer - Writer in which to render the output
logTag - string to be used as the template name for log messages in case of error
reader - Reader containing the VTL to be rendered
Returns:
true if successful, false otherwise. If false, see Velocity runtime log
Throws:
ParseErrorException - The template could not be parsed.
MethodInvocationException - A method on a context object could not be invoked.
ResourceNotFoundException - A referenced resource could not be loaded.
Since:
Velocity v1.1

invokeVelocimacro

public static boolean invokeVelocimacro(String vmName,
                                        String logTag,
                                        String[] params,
                                        Context context,
                                        Writer writer)
Invokes a currently registered Velocimacro with the params provided and places the rendered stream into the writer.
Note : currently only accepts args to the VM if they are in the context.

Parameters:
vmName - name of Velocimacro to call
logTag - string to be used for template name in case of error. if null, the vmName will be used
params - keys for args used to invoke Velocimacro, in java format rather than VTL (eg "foo" or "bar" rather than "$foo" or "$bar")
context - Context object containing data/objects used for rendering.
writer - Writer for output stream
Returns:
true if Velocimacro exists and successfully invoked, false otherwise.

mergeTemplate

public static boolean mergeTemplate(String templateName,
                                    String encoding,
                                    Context context,
                                    Writer writer)
                             throws ResourceNotFoundException,
                                    ParseErrorException,
                                    MethodInvocationException
Merges a template and puts the rendered stream into the writer

Parameters:
templateName - name of template to be used in merge
encoding - encoding used in template
context - filled context to be used in merge
writer - writer to write template into
Returns:
true if successful, false otherwise. Errors logged to velocity log
Throws:
ParseErrorException - The template could not be parsed.
MethodInvocationException - A method on a context object could not be invoked.
ResourceNotFoundException - A referenced resource could not be loaded.
Since:
Velocity v1.1

getTemplate

public static Template getTemplate(String name)
                            throws ResourceNotFoundException,
                                   ParseErrorException
Returns a Template from the Velocity resource management system.

Parameters:
name - The file name of the desired template.
Returns:
The template.
Throws:
ResourceNotFoundException - if template not found from any available source.
ParseErrorException - if template cannot be parsed due to syntax (or other) error.

getTemplate

public static Template getTemplate(String name,
                                   String encoding)
                            throws ResourceNotFoundException,
                                   ParseErrorException
Returns a Template from the Velocity resource management system.

Parameters:
name - The file name of the desired template.
encoding - The character encoding to use for the template.
Returns:
The template.
Throws:
ResourceNotFoundException - if template not found from any available source.
ParseErrorException - if template cannot be parsed due to syntax (or other) error.
Since:
Velocity v1.1

resourceExists

public static boolean resourceExists(String resourceName)

Determines whether a resource is accessable via the currently configured resource loaders. Resource is the generic description of templates, static content, etc.

Note that the current implementation will not change the state of the system in any real way - so this cannot be used to pre-load the resource cache, as the previous implementation did as a side-effect.

Parameters:
resourceName - The name of the resource to search for.
Returns:
Whether the resource was located.

getLog

public static Log getLog()
Returns a convenient Log instance that wraps the current LogChute. Use this to log error messages. It has the usual methods.

Returns:
A convenience Log instance that wraps the current LogChute.
Since:
1.5

setApplicationAttribute

public static void setApplicationAttribute(Object key,
                                           Object value)

Set the an ApplicationAttribue, which is an Object set by the application which is accessable from any component of the system that gets a RuntimeServices. This allows communication between the application environment and custom pluggable components of the Velocity engine, such as loaders and loggers.

Note that there is no enfocement or rules for the key used - it is up to the application developer. However, to help make the intermixing of components possible, using the target Class name (e.g. com.foo.bar ) as the key might help avoid collision.

Parameters:
key - object 'name' under which the object is stored
value - object to store under this key

removeDirective

public void removeDirective(String name)
Remove a directive.

Parameters:
name - name of the directive.

loadDirective

public void loadDirective(String directiveClass)
Instantiates and loads the directive with some basic checks.

Parameters:
directiveClass - classname of directive to load


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